Lone work characteristics

Defining lone work should be easy: somebody is working alone. When we think about the lone working concept more  carefully, we can distinguish some key factors. First of all, lone workers are employees who work alone in isolation from other workers or without close or direct supervision of colleagues. Another factor of lone working is time spent alone as lone workers may be alone only for some moments during the working day. The alone working moment is closely related to the lone working situation which is the essential factor in lone worker risks.  All these three factors together are relevant when lone working risks are considered. 

Alone work situations

Work alone in isolation

Stationary lone worker is the only person in fixed place e.g. in kiosks, petrol stations, shops or at home. In small businesses lone working is usual e.g. a shop might be staffed by just one worker at any given time.

Mobile work

People working isolated from their colleagues e.g. home care nurses, maintenance workers, cleaners, rent collectors, postal staff, social workers, home helps.

Working outside normal hours

Cleaners, security, retail service workers, maintenance or repair staff, agricultural and forestry workers etc. are examples of occupations requiring working alone in the evenings and at night.

Lone working risks at work

The lone working employees are not automatically exposed to higher risks and hazards than other employees but the fact of being in a risk situation alone increases the vulnerability. Moreover, this vulnerability will depend on the type of situation in which the lone work is being carried out. Working alone creates opportunities to take additional risks or to react in unconventional manner during a lone work situation.  Depending on each country's safety regulations for working alone or in isolation, the employer needs to take care of its employees safety. 

Slips, trips and falls

Stairs, uneven and wet floors as well as things left on the floor cause falling or slipping lone working employees.  


Alone working employees are put at greater risk and are more vulnerable to violence when handling cash and high value goods.

Threats and abuse

An escalating customer service situation puts the lone workers at risk of verbal abuse and threat.


Cold or wet circumstances can make manual tasks more difficult and put the lone worker in danger.

Being struck or crushed

Fall from vehicles or being struck by objects falling from vehicles put lone workers at risk.

Exposure to loud noise

The loud noise may prevent the lone worker of hearing relevant warning signals.

Lone worker job examples

Lone working jobs may require work in isolation or far from other employees in addition to physical, environmental or social risks related to the nature of the work.   To improve the lone worker safety in those lone working situations, the employer can find the most suitable lone worker alarm solution by evaluating the lone working situations and risks in the industry. 


Alone working cleaners are mostly working in isolation, indoors and outside normal working hours.


Working alone in extreme circumstances can cause  human errors and fatigue and lead to serious injuries.


Construction is a high risk lone work industry with a high percentage of fatal error and major injuries.


Alone on the road or loading and unloading the vehicle are daily risky situations for logistics personnel.


Maintenance work consists of non-routine tasks outside normal hours and in a time pressure.


Security workers face an increased risk of confrontations or even violence at work.

Petrochemical industry

Workers face risks of hazardous substances, radiations, noise, vibration and extremes of heat and cold.

Retail services

Lone working service people come face to face with furious, difficult or unsatisfied customers.

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